Thursday, 15 March 2018

Magh Festival

This is the first festival of the year. It falls in the month of Magh ( January to February). There are twelve months in a year such as 1. Magh, 2.Fagun, 3. Chait, 4.Baisakh, 5.Jheth, 6.Asharh, 7. Shan, 8. Bhadar, 9.Dasain, 10. Sahorai, 11. Aghan, 12.Poush
Santali year starts from the month of Magh. The word Magh is a combination of two words i.e. Mag+ liar. which means to make way by cutting down the obstacles. So magh festival is a very important festival when the activities of human being are concerned as it makes way for so many activities.
On the festive day every house of the village is well cleaned by the respective house wife. Naike , Kudam Naike village officials and the villagers take their purificatory bath in the morning and then go to Jaher Garh. Naike takes with him vermilion, raw rice, rice powder, methy, oil, milk etc. in a winnowing fan . Godet supplies him the sacrificial-fowls to be offered to their God and Goddess and rice, salt, turmeric required for the village feast. He collects it from the villagers and villagers offer him very gladly.
In Jaher Garh there is a Jaher than where Jaher Ayo Lita Closain,Maneka Turuiki, the three prime God and Goddess are placed. Besides them, other Simasale bongas Outskirt God and Goddess) are placed in the separate place. Naike worships the three prime God and Goddess and Kudam Naike worships the other. Some of the Simasale bongas require a few drops of human blood for their satisfaction. Naike cannot offer them his blood. If he does, Joher Ayo will not accept any kind of offer from the Naike. So kudam Naike does the job. This is called Bul Mayam ceremony.
Naike follows some work order during the worship of Bongas in Joher. First he cleans the front space of each bonga and covers it with a thin paste of cowdung. Then he sprinkles over the bonga some holy water and milk followed by anointing with oil and methy. This is called the Holy Bath of Bongas. Then Naike makes a khond on the cleaned place.This khond is nothing but a circle made of rice powder which represents the earth.Within the khond a hand full of raw rice is kept. Then he brings a fowl and makes it pure by putting some.

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