Showing posts with label Folklore. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Folklore. Show all posts

Friday, 5 December 2014

Creation of Human being according to Santal

This describes the kinship between human being and animals.  According to this, God created  two birds ‘Has’ and ‘Hasil’- out of his hair when all of Earth was covered with water, before the dry land appeared. The birds, which flew below the sun and above the Earth, were able to connect Heaven to Earth because they could operate in both domains.  They built the nest on the earth and laid their egg, they are cosmic eggs, out of which two creatures; human male and human female are born - Pilchu Haram and pilchu Burhi. Both these myths creation of world and mankind refer the birds and animal as ancestors. Thus Santal concept of life begins with animals. The first human couple grew up in ‘Hihiri Pipiri’.

After the creation of Earth, the male and female human being gave birth to seven sons and seven daughters. The children later married among themselves, and each couple became the ancestors of a Santal clan. Later, five more groups formed, for a total of twelve clans. Each of these clans has ‘totem’ a plant or animal with which member of the clan share a sacred link.  A total 12 clans is found among the Santals. They are Hansdak', Murmu, Hembrom, Soren, Kisku, Tudu, Marndi, Baske, Besra, Chonre, Puria and Bedea.  An affiliation or sacred contact is believed to link these clans and their respective totems.  Therefore, each of the names of clans is derived from either from the plants or animals species.
creation of human being according to Santal
Creation of human being according to Santal

Wednesday, 3 December 2014

Creation of world according to Santal

Every native group has its own mythology and that further recreates the specific culture, Santals do have the mythology of creation of world.
They believe that in the beginning, there was only water and this primitive world was filled with water everywhere. God pondered about how he could form the land where man can live . To operate both land and water he created seven amphibian animals which were –crab, crocodile, eel, pawn, earthworm and tortoise. For creating land, God then asked the king of these species to help him figure out how to make land. The entire king appeared before God one by one, but none of them couldn’t solve out the problem. Finally, earthworm came and succeeded, it is said that for seven day and seven nights earthworm ate at the bottom of the water which excreted on the back of tortoise. The tortoise anchored himself on the both side firmly and brought up the earth when he swam to the top of the water, and thus the earth formed.
This is why there is a belief among Santals that movement of tortoise causes earthquake. In other words, when tortoise moves or shakes, earthquakes occur in earth. Santals myth about the creation of world is substantially different from myth associated with creation of world among the other indigenous peoples of India and in many sense it is unique that it ascribe the creation of earth with the help of amphibian animals, specially the earthworm and tortoise. This is all about the story of creation of earth. We also get this story on folk songs of Santal which tells about the creation of world.

creation of world according to santal myth .

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