Thursday, 18 April 2013

Santhali Language

                                Santhali Language


Santali is a language in the Munda subfamily of Austroasiatic, related to Ho andMundari.
It is spoken by around 6.2 million people in IndiaBangladeshBhutan andNepal, although most of its speakers live in India, in the states of Jharkhand,AssamBiharOdishaTripura, and West Bengal.[1]
The language has its own script, known as Ol Chiki[2] and a variant of the Latin alphabet is used, too.



Founder of Ol-Chiki Script


Pandit Raghunath Murmu ( May 5, 1905, DandboseOdisha State, India – February 1, 1982) was the creator of the writing known variously as Ol Chiki script, Ol Cemet' ("language of writing"), Ol Ciki, Ol, and sometimes as the Santali alphabet, in 1925, used for writing the Santali language of India and neighbouring countries. He was also a spiritual Guru for Santhals.He wrote "Sarna Dhorom Hitlay ar bang HITAL".He preached "Sarna Dhorom". He also worked a lot for safeguarding tribal interests in Jharkhand.
                                                                      He was born in a village, called (Dahardih) Dandbose, on 5 May 1905 in theMayurbhanj district of Odisha, then part of British India. He was a school teacher at [Badam Talia) near Rairangpur, in Odisha .

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Santali has 21 consonants, not counting the 10 aspirated stops which occur almost only in Indo-Aryan loanwords and are given in parentheses in the table below.
BilabialAlveolarRetroflexPalatalVelarGlottal
Stopsvoicelessp (ph)t (th)ʈ (ʈh)c (ch)k
voicedb (bh)d (dh)ɖ (ɖh)ɟ (ɟh)
<j jh>
g (gh)
Fricativessh
Nasalsmnɲŋ
Trillr
Flapɽ
Laterall
Glideswj <y>


Vowels

Santali has eight non-nasal and six nasal vowels.
FrontCentralBack
Highi ĩu ũ
Mid-higheə ə̃o
Mid-lowɛ ɛ̃ɔ ɔ̃
Lowa ã
There are numerous diphthongs.



Pronouns

The personal pronouns in Santali distinguish inclusive and exclusive first person and anaphoric and demonstrative third person.
SingularDualPlural
First personExclusiveɘliɲalɛ
Inclusivealaŋabo
Second personamabenapɛ
Third personAnaphoricac'ɘkinako
Demonstrativeuniunkinonko


ol-chiki in capital letters and in numericals






source:wikipidia.org






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